Through an NCEAS-sponsored working group, we have proposed a framework for evaluating tradeoffs in ecosystem services, which seeks to illustrate how trade-offs experienced by different stakeholder groups can vary depending on divergent values held by those groups. The framework is the focus for a Special Feature in the journal Ecology and Society.
Cavender-Bares, J., Balvanera, P., King, E., & Polasky, S. (2015). Ecosystem service trade-offs across global contexts and scales. Ecology and Society, 20(1), 22. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-07137-200122
Cavender-Bares, J., Polasky, S., King, E., & Balvanera, P. (2015). A sustainability framework for assessing trade-offs in ecosystem services. Ecology and Society, 20(1), 17. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-06917-200117